The use of statistical information in Ethiopia can be traced back as far as the sixteen century. However, demand for statistical information for the purpose of economic management became an issue beginning 1957. It was in 1960 that statistics was put in place as regular government activity. This marked the first step in institutionalizing statistical work in the country. The basis for the establishment was the resolution of the Addis Ababa conference of the African Statisticians from UNECA member countries in 1960.The statistical practice initiated at the time was organizationally set up within the then Ministry of Commerce, Industry and Tourism. But in 1963, the regular statistical activities became the mandate of a newly structured and autonomous organization called Central Statistical Office (CSO).

At the beginning, CSO was responsible to the Ministry of Planning and Development and thereafter to the Planning Commission up until 1964. Then, CSO was reestablished in 1972 by proclamation number 303/1972 and was responsible for the then Planning Commission. Finally, CSO was restructured and became responsible to the Council of Ministers by the name of Central Statistical Agency, CSA, on March 9 th, 1989 . Furthermore, CSA became responsible to the Ministry of Economic Development and Cooperation on October 1996 and since September 2001 to the Ministry of Finance and Economic Development.

  • Inflation rate for the month of June 2018 is 14. 7%
  • National Poverty head count indices  in 2010/2011 29.6%
  • Rural Poverty head count indices  in 2010/2011 30.4%
  • Urban Poverty head count indices  in 2010/2011 25.7%
  • National Poverty head count indices  in 2015/2016 23.5%
  • Rural Poverty head count indices  in 2015/2016 25.6%
  • Urban Poverty head count indices  in 2015/2016 14.8%
  • National income inequality using GINI Coefficient in 2010/11 is 0.298
  • Rural income inequality using GINI Coefficient in 2010/11 is 0.27
  • Urban income inequality using GINI Coefficient in 2010/11 is 0.37
  • National income inequality using GINI Coefficient in 2015/16 is 0.328
  • Rural income inequality using GINI Coefficient in 2015/16 is 0.28
  • Urban income inequality using GINI Coefficient in 2015/16 is 0.38
  • GDP per Capital (in US Dollar) in 1999/00 is 129
  • GDP per Capital (in US Dollar) in 2007/08 is 262
  • GDP per Capital (in US Dollar) in 2015/16 is 794
  • Source:-  Ethiopia's Progress Towards Eradicating Poverty: An  Interim Report on 2015/16
  • Poverty Analysis Study, National Planning Commission, September 2017

 

 

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